He was in the court of Raja Krishnachandra , the-then king of Nadia in the 18th century. The king considered Gopal as a Navaratna of his court. His statue can still be seen in the palace of Krishnachandra and in Ghurni , Krishnagar town. Gopal was very intelligent and very keen of his idea. Gopal belonging from a so-called low caste family, was quite intelligent from childhood which resulted the upper caste Brahmins to feel jealous and they turned revengeful upon Gopal and his family.
His father died in Gopal's childhood and his mother was forced to Sati-daha , his elder brother became a slave and he was abducted by a robber gang, where a lady raised him and at an adult age Gopal entered in Krishnanagar Raj. Stories about his exploits are narrated in West Bengal and Bangladesh to this day in numerous short stories. The stories are popular, short, beautiful, humorous and have a specific social message.
His stories are comparable with those of Birbal , Tenali Raman and Nasreddin.
In early nineteenth century, Gopal Bhar's name was first mentioned in Bengali literature. It is often said that Gopal Bhar is a legendary personality. But a reference has found that there was a bodyguard of the king of Nadia, Raja Krishnachandra named Shankar Taranga who was given special status by the king for his courage and knowledge and probably gave rise to the legend of Gopal Bhar. There are many contradictory views regarding Gopal Bhar, whether he existed or not.
Acharya Sukumar Sen linguist opined that the character Gopal is purely fictitious. He owns bungalow and car, his friends include other anthropomorphic animals like a tiger as Vaghjibhai Vakil. Sometimes spouses of the characters and some female characters like Khushaldoshi are depicted. The stories take places in Bombay of s. Bakor Patel is depicted as social family person who travels for business and enjoy his time with family and friends back home, he has mature relationship with Shakri Patlani.
He seeks small adventures in his regular life and tries and experiences things which go wrong in the end, he still continues the next. His family and friends accompany in his shares the delight; the Gandiv, a children's biweekly in Gujarati language published by Gandiv Sahitya Mandir, Surat was started in August by Natwarlal Malvi. The biweekly continued till Hariprasad Vyas wrote these light humorous stories on suggestion of Natwarlal Malvi which first appeared in and continued till ; the chief characters Bakor Patel was named after Bakor Mukhi from his maternal family and Shakri Patlani was modified from his wife Bakri.
He visualised the characters as goat and subsequently other characters were inspired by other animals with their usual characteristics. Natwarlal Malvi had discussed with Vyas about children's stories from the Russian literature which are satire on human society. The stories are social in nature and depicted commons social life of upper middle class in the cities of that time; the stories were printed in big types accompanied with an illustration in black and white and title printed in typical typography which were drawn by two Surat based artist brothers and Mansukh.
The stories were reprinted in large format children's books accompanied with drawings in colors; when the illustration were redrawn by V. Ramanuj for new editions, they were different from the original art; the stories selected by Mahendra Meghani and translated in English by Piyush Joshi were published by the National Book Trust in The stories were popular among children as well as admired by adults when they were first appeared in biweekly, they are still popular across Gujarat and is considered as an icon of children's literature in Gujarati language.
The success of the stories resulted in several other stories appearing in Gujarati children's literature with anthropomorphic characters like Galbo Shiyal by Ramanlal Soni. The stories influenced writers like Taarak Mehta whose humorous weekly column Duniya ne Oondha Chashma has similar social background. National Book Trust.
Gopal Bhand: 12 Stories
ISBN He is known in the Indian subcontinent for the folk tales which focus on his wit. Birbal was appointed by Akbar as a minister "mantri" and used to be a poet and singer in around —, he had a close association with Emperor Akbar and was one of his most important courtiers, part of a group called the navaratnas. In , Birbal led an army to crush an unrest in the north-west Indian subcontinent where he was killed along with many troops in an ambush by the rebel tribe, he was the only Hindu to adopt the religion founded by Akbar.
By the end of Akbar's reign, local folk tales emerged involving his interactions with Akbar, portraying him as being clever and witty; as the tales gained popularity in India , he became more of a legendary figure across the Indian subcontinent. These tales involve him outsmarting rival courtiers and sometimes Akbar, using only his intelligence and cunning with giving witty and humorous responses and impressing Akbar.
From the twentieth century onwards, plays and books based on these folk tales were made, some of these are in children's comics and school textbooks. He was the third son of a Hindu Brahmbhatt- family which had a previous association with poetry and literature. Educated in Hindi and Persian , Birbal wrote prose, specialised in music and poetry in the Braj language, thus gaining fame, he served at the Rajput court of Raja Ram Chandra of Rewa , under the name " Brahma Kavi".
Birbal's economic and social status improved when he married the daughter of a respected and rich family, contrary to the notion that he was on poor economic terms before his appointment at Mughal Emperor Akbar's imperial court; the details and year of his first meeting with Akbar and his employment at the court are disputed but estimated to be between and He became the "Kavi Priya" of the Emperor within a few years of his appointment.
Akbar bestowed upon him the name'Birbal' with the title "Raja", by which he was known from on. Birbal comes from Bir Bar or Vir Var which means courageous and great, quite contrary for him since he was not known for his bravery or for his military skill.
Akbar gave titles to his Hindu subjects according to their traditions and S. Hodivala writes that it could have been taken from a character in the folk tale Vetal Panchvinshati; this featured. Akbar was fond of literature, having works of Sanskrit and other local languages translated into Persian, his growing reputation led him to be part of Akbar's nine advisers, known as the navaratna - the nine jewels. Birbal played the role of a religious advisor, military figure and close friend of the Emperor, serving him for 30 years.
In , he was among a large army sent to aid Husain Quli Khan against an attack from the Akbar's brother, Hakim Mirza, his first military role, he accompanied the Emperor during his Gujarat campaigns. Despite having no military background, he participated in Akbar's campaigns and was given leadership positions, like Todar Mal , an advisor in economic matters.
While Fazl respected him, listed him as having twenty five honorific titles and rank of a commander of two thousand. Akbar's other orthodox Muslim advisers were known to dislike Birbal. Akbar had started a religion called Din-i-Ilahi , which acknowledged him as God's representative on earth and had a combination of Hindu and Muslim beliefs. In the Ain-i-Akbari , it is mentioned that Birbal was one of the few people other than Akbar who were its followers, besides being the only Hindu, he had a close association despite being fourteen years elder than him.
Badaoni referred to this in sarcasm , as "a case of'thy flesh is my flesh and thy blood my blood'". Akbar is reported to have saved Birbal's life in two instances; the painting Akbari Nao Ratna in Victoria hall, Kolkata depicts Birbal having a prominent position right next to Akbar. The Emperor found him entertaining at the start but in years, sent him on important missions. Birbal was said to have received a two-storey house in Fatehpur Sikri within the palace complex, built close to Akbar's own chambers.
He was said to enjoy having Birbal by his side and he was the only courtier to reside within the palace complex. One of the seven gates is known as "Birbal's gate"; the Afghani Yousafzai tribes had started a rebellion along the east bank of river Indus against the Mughal rule. After troops sent to crush the unrest suffered losses, Akbar sent Birbal with reinforcements from his new fort at Attock , to help the commander Zain Khan in Birbal and the army advanced into a narrow pass in Swat valley where the Afghanis were waiting in prepared positions in the hills.
In the ensuing ambush and heavy defeat and over soldiers were killed; this was one of the largest military losses for Akbar. He was said to have expressed his grief over the loss his favourite courtier and not. Miya Fuski Miya Fuski is a fictional character created by Jivram Joshi for children's literature in Gujarati language.
He is accompanied by his friend, Tabha Bhatt. Both characters were inspired by the people of Kashi during the Joshi's stay. Joshi wrote more than thirty stories on the characters, they became popular and were adapted into plays, TV series and a film.
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Jivram Joshi was a children's literature author of Gujarati language who created several popular fiction characters. Joshi was an editor of Zagmag, a children's weekly in Gujarati published by Gujarat Samachar. In , he started publishing the stories of Miya Fuski in it, he wrote more than thirty stories on Miya Fuski.http://forum2.quizizz.com/la-repblica-que-no-pudo-ser-la.php
Gopal The Jester - Animated Stories - Gopal Works Out A Strategy - video dailymotion
Jivram Joshi has described the origin of the characters, When I was living in Kashi, I was inspired to create a character of Miyan Fuski after watching a Miyan. A funny and thin Miyan named Ali was living in a house behind a temple in Narsinh Mohalla in Kashi, he had a cart. He always made others laugh, his funny nature and attire inspired me to create the character of Fattu Miyan.
Thin and bearded Fattu Miya used to wear waistcoat. And a cap on head; this Miyan had a peculiar thing about his nature that he boasted that he is brave but inwardly he was timid. He created Tabha Bhatt based on the Brahmin priests of Kashi.
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Miya Fuski and his friend Tabha Bhatt are the central characters in the story. Miya Fuski is thin while Tabha Bhatt is short and pot-bellied. Miya Fuski is Muslim and wears lehenga and cap, he is bald and long beard with large round eyes. Tabha Bhatt is Hindu Brahmin character who wears typical paghadi on his head, loose cloth on his shoulder and dhoti.
He became a guard. Once he boasted about himself, he hides and becomes from Fattu Miya to Miya Fuski. Fuski means timid in Gujarati, he is a vulnerable person. He is involved in situations where he behaves in stupid and hilarious manner but the result is always in his favour in the end. Tabha Bhatt accompanies him in his misadventures.
Miya is timid inwardly and boasts of his bravery but he finds his way with his wit in difficult situations; the stories were popular among children as well as admired by adults. They are still popular across Gujarat and the characters are considered as the icons of children's literature in Gujarati language; the catchphrase Ame Kon? Sipai Bachha from the stories became popular with children. The film was produced by Mukesh Pandya.
Related More Tales of Gopal: The Jester
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