Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Betty Durham. Margaret Martini. Herself - Main Guest. Related Videos. Alternate Names: Beltiane. Edit Did You Know? Accessed on: December 3, However, television shows such as Alain Ducasse raconte and Apostrophes, from , were the ones that weekly commented on book releases, a privileged disclosure and fame place for such authors, and it also allowed increase in the number of books.
Even though from a decrease in interest in History and stagnation in the number of readers was seen, his prestige was still not enough to raise George Duby to the direction of the FrenchGerman La Sept. Later, Ferro was promoted and experts with diferent nationalities took part in the program, following the scope of countries discussed in newsreels, replacing the German historian. This film and the archival record surrounding it contain clues to some of the broader questions that continue to motivate Vichy historiography: explaining the apparent internal paradoxes inherent in choices that individuals made during the Second World War in France.
The article seeks to uncover the values that would explain a story that does not map neatly onto traditional conceptions of Right and Left, or of collaboration and resistance. This particular story involves a colonial film that found favor with both republican and authoritarian governments, and a filmmaker who engaged both in collaboration and resistance. A close analysis of the values and interests at play here can help to explain some of the continuities of personnel, institutions, and even rhetoric between the Third Republic and Vichy in the realm of documentary filmmaking.
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Les documenteurs des années noires : Les documentaires de propagande, France 1940-1944 (1DVD)
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Write a review Rate this item: 1 2 3 4 5. Preview this item Preview this item. Subjects World War, -- Propaganda. World War, -- Motion pictures and the war. Documentary films -- France. View all subjects More like this User lists Similar Items. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private.
Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Reviews User-contributed reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Be the first. A vignette with pictures about war opens the show: soldiers marching, farewells in train stations, kids leaving, women crying. Hitler speaks and a bomb explodes. The sound with a loud noise provides the images of a serious character. He presents the circumstances of the moment before the start of the war, when negotiations between the English and French did not have a result on the Germans, and describes the non-warmonger atmosphere prevailing in France.
Wenger presents the German scenario. There is emotion in the air and Ferro speaks about his memories about the period.
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Ferro talks how the movie is constructed in an atmosphere that is still pacific between the French, even though the surprise attack on Poland had imposed mobilization before the perspective of the conflict. He points out how the linking of actions developed by the newsreels referred to forms and occurrences of the World War I: preparation of barricades, children sent to the countryside, distribution of gas masks, among others. The focus is on rearguard and defense. In the German pictures, differently, Franz Wenger reports how they show the preparation of war and criticize English and French enemies by intransigence in the negotiations, a reason that makes them, in the Nazi view, in charge of the conflict emergence.
A new vignette ends the show with pictures of Reichstag explosion, among others. The format and vignettes that remained until the last broadcast in are present.
Ferro presents the circumstances of the week: as a reaction to the invasion of Poland, England and France declare war against Germany on day 3. Why the delay? The countries had given Germany an ultimatum to get out of the Polish territory, which did not happen. Besides, the French forces were smaller than the Germans: "Germans are four times stronger than us and we know this, something that will not be said in the newsreel" , the historian reports.
There are pictures of crowds on streets buying newspapers. Summon of members of the military forces in France, England, and Holland exposes a crowd of men at train stations. The music signals gravity and urgency. Men wearing military uniforms kiss their sons that are on their wives' laps, crying. From the window of the train, there are gestures from soldiers that are leaving. In the cities, precautions are taken against air attacks.
Children receive gas masks. In the Parliament, there is a voting for resources to enter in the war. The archbishop from Paris prays for peace around a crowd of believers. Some scenes of Franklin Roosevelt's office, who requested the removal of Germans from Poland: "All Polish people respond to the aggressor", the locution says. Scenes of combat talk about the aggression to Poland without declaring war and the surprise effect of blitzkrieg flash war.
On the streets, children are sent to the countryside: "all was foreseen for your welfare and safety. There is a portrayal of cars on the roads, crowded train stations, and urgency emphasized by music. Other pieces of news are about measures as replacement of men mobilized by women and aged people, ensuring the normality of routine life.
Scenes are usually framed in long and medium shots. They are short and pass quickly. On the other hand, oppositely, locution is paused and overjoyed, followed by an emotional musical background. As a response to this, images show fusions between French symbols like the Arc de Triomphe or the Notre-Dame Cathedral and men marching together with a martial sound, newspaper pages with headlines, and of voice that talks about the collaboration with England and its First Minister, who declares fighting against injustice and oppression.
As seen, these are images and speeches produced inside a studio with stock shots a pile of recorded scenes. The only original information is the audio of Chamberlain's statement. On the other hand, Daladier's speech, the French Council president, is shown through the picture of men and women in bars listening to the radio - file pictures.
From it, one can hear a small extract. There is no rhetorical use of this official speech, which was not even recorded. When the movie gets into the part " Aux armes citoyens ", it shows soldiers from the colonies until it comes to an end with scenes of the army marching, which are taken in low-angle shot, 48 with the anthem being emotionally sung over heroism icons of the monument of Arc de Triomphe in cl.
Until September 4th, the Reich kept the negotiations, with the only aim of making his population believe that the allies were those responsible for war declaration. But Hitler had been wanting to destroy Poland since April, when he ordered preparation of war against Poland on September 1st. In the meantime, in Danzig, 49 the SS [elite body of the Nazi party] began simulated exercises against German facilities as if they were Polish, creating a pretext for combats.source link
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In the newspaper UFA Universum Film-Aktien Gesellschaff - the German cinematographic studio -, there were scenes of the consequences of these attacks: burial of Germans and women crying with children on their laps. The camera registers in close up a sad kid, a sobering woman, and an old man. The pictures are individualized, paused - the camera withholds, they do not go fast in the editing film. A fire, an off voice explains that is was a Polish act. Dramatic song plays. The city is a wreck, the voice talks in a teasing tone: "Completely in peace, the Polish destroyed homes.
The voice says: "you can see", then the camera goes through the destroyed house. The sound of the statement in newsreels was not usual. It was unlikely to be obtained outside a studio because it demanded heavy equipment. Doing it, even as a simulation dubbed in a studio, demonstrates a worry with realism of the pictures and at the same time it creates an alleged true in loco statement. English diplomats are in the picture, walking through London and the voice comment is about its fakeness, the breaking of promises, and year-old lies. We see pictures of tanks, conflicts that were always attributed to the Polish, the sound of shots, fires, screams, voices, which were sounds that were added.
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